# 1. イントロダクション¶

Welcome to the Mahara User Guide. This user guide is designed to provide documentation for people who will use Mahara on a day-to-day basis. This document is designed to be read by any user of Mahara, as most users will have access to the features documented here. Site and Institution Administrator functionalities are covered in a separate section of this guide.

## 1.1. Maharaとは?¶

If you’re wondering what Mahara or an ePortfolio is, why you might want one and what it can do for you, then read on – you’re about to find out.

At the simplest level, Mahara is two things: an ePortfolio and a social networking system combined. An ePortfolio is a system in which students can record 「evidence of lifelong learning」 – such as essays, artwork or other such things they produce that can be stored digitally. Such things are known as artefacts in Mahara. Social networking systems need little introduction – think Bebo, Facebook or MySpace. Basically, they give a way for people to interact with their friends and create their own online communities.

しかし、Maharaにはファイルの保存場所である以外に多くのものがあります。Maharaにはブログおよびレジュメビルダが実装されています。そして、Moodle <http://moodle.org/>と統合することもできます。

## 1.2. Maharaフレームワーク¶

With Mahara, you control which items and what information within your portfolio other users see. Such items and information are termed artefacts. To facilitate this access control, all artefacts you wish to show to other users need to be arranged into one area. In Mahara this compilation of selected artefacts is called a 『page』. You can have as many pages as you like, each with a different number of artefacts, intended purpose and audience. Your audience, or the people you wish to give access to your page, can be added as individuals or as a member of a group. It can even be made publicly available.

• あなたの友人および家族を含む休日の写真および個人日誌のページ
• あなたのチューターの評価およびあなたの内省的学習日誌を含むページ
• a page to showcase your best pieces of work and your résumé for potential employers

A single page or a collection of pages can make up your portfolio. Unless artefacts are placed in a page, they are not visible to anybody but you. You can use files that you uploaded or journal entries you wrote in as many pages as you wish. You only need one copy of your artefact.

Imagine you collected all your artefacts in a shoe box. Whenever you have a new artefact, you add it to the shoe box. When you are ready to create your portfolio, you take a look at the artefacts in your shoe box and choose those that you want to make available on a portfolio page. You can arrange the artefacts on that page to your liking.

The diagram below of example artefacts, pages and groups illustrates how content in Mahara can be shared and reused in different contexts and for different audiences.

## 1.3. Maharaはどのようにeラーニングランドスケープに適応できますか?¶

If you think of LMSs such as Moodle, Sakai and Blackboard as the formal, structured side of e-learning, then Mahara is the social, reflective side. An LMS and an ePortfolio complement one another in an online learning environment.

In particular, while Mahara’s APIs are open to all, Mahara can integrate with Moodle natively to provide a streamlined user experience. Since Moodle 2.0 this is not only limited to SSO via MNet, but students are able to export assignments, blogs and much more straight into Mahara to use as artefacts – which can then, of course, be placed into pages.

## 1.4. 私に必要な機能をMaharaがサポートしていない場合は?¶

Mahara has been designed from the ground up to be an open, pluggable system. Creating new artefacts, authenticating against a custom system and much more can be implemented simply through writing a plugin that uses the appropriate core API. What this means is that it is free and easy for you to customise almost anything about Mahara to suit your needs – and paid support is available through a network of Mahara Partners should you require it.

## 1.5. 他にやること¶

あなたはMaharaに関して基本概念を知ることができました。あなたは次のことができます:

## 1.6. Maharaを使うためのアイデアはどこで入手することができますか?¶

Mahara 1.4 Cookbook <http://www.packtpub.com/mahara-1-4-cookbook-for-training-education/book> (Ellen Marie Murphy著) が2011年9月に出版されました。Maharaを異なる設定で使用するための50以上のアイデアが説明されています。この本はPDFおよび印刷フォーマットで購入することができます。

The Mahara E-Portfolios: Beginner’s Guide by Derrin Kent and Richard Hand is the updated edition of the Mahara 1.2 E-Portfolios: Beginner’s Guide and a great reference for step-by-step instructions on how to create a portfolio and perform other tasks.

## 1.7. ヘルプを取得する¶

• Contextual help in available throughout Mahara. Watch out for the Help icon . Click on it to find out more about the action you are about to perform.
• あなたは フォーラム <http://mahara.org/interaction/forum/index.php?group=1>`で質問することもできます。